INTELLECTUAL OUTPUT IO1
Definition and development of training contents about the coming European “Green” energy model.
Training contents developed:
Module 1 (Climate change & air quality and Sustainability) is divided in four (4) main chapters/sections. The main goals of Module 1 are:
- Understanding the difference between the concepts of “climate” and “weather”;
- Providing a short description of the atmosphere and its separate layers, the importance of air quality, as well as the kinds of air pollution and how they affect humans and the environment;
- Definition of the “Greenhouse Effect” (its origin) and presentation of the role of CO2 (and other pollutants) in its negative enhancement;
- Focus on the climate change and interconnection of the environmental problem with the use of RES and sustainable approaches.
Module 2 (Renewable Energies) is divided in six (6) main chapters/sections. The main goals of Module 2 are:
- The definition of RES and the understanding of their difference from the traditional energy resources.
- Presentation of each one of the renewable energies (description, resources origin, technologies used)
- Familiriazitation of students with some of the applications of renewable energy
- Presentation of the socio-economic advantages of RES
- Explanation of the necessity of the integration in storage systems in RES technologies
- Provision of typical examples of RES storage systems
Module 3 focuses on energy storage systems and their benefits for society. The main goals of Module 3 are:
- To describe the importance of using energy storage systems as a method to stabilize intermittent renewable sources.
- To teach about the different types of energy storage systems and their main characteristics.
- To demonstrate the key role of hydrogen as an energy carrier to store energy from renewable surpluses.
Teachers should encourage pupils to further study about the possibilities that energy storage systems can provide in society and how to integrate them with renewable energies. The pupils will learn to choose the best energy storage system to use depending on the final use.
Module 4 focuses on hydrogen technologies, hydrogen production and fuel cells. The main goals of Module 4 are:
- To describe how to integrate green hydrogen with renewable energy systems to avoid the use of fossil fuels to produce electricity.
- To explain the different methods of hydrogen production
- To define the Carnot cycle and the efficiency of an engine
- To teach the difference of engines and fuel cells in terms of efficiency.
- To explain the components of a fuel cell and the different types of fuel cells.
- To describe the performance of energy offer and demand and the role of hydrogen.
The pupils will learn to choose the best pathway to produce hydrogen depending on the situation, calculate the efficiency of a fuel cell and the components and types of fuel cells.
Module 5 focuses on the applications of hydrogen technologies. The main goals of Module 5 are:
- To describe the importance of hydrogen technologies and main applications in the energy transition.
- To explain the differences between the concepts power to gas, power to fuel and power to power, that will be crucial to understand the origin of hydrogen to be used in the different applications.
- To show different applications of hydrogen: stationary, portable and in transport.
- To show specific examples and practical cases of hydrogen technologies applications.
The pupils will get to know the difference applications that hydrogen has and where it’s use is more affordable. Concepts of “Power-to” will be learned, as well as their relationship with the main hydrogen applications related. Calculations on specific cases of use will be taught and didactic activities will be made with hydrogen didactic kits.